National Geographic

 

 

 

Konuşma Geni

Language-acquisition device
 

According to Noam Chomsky, the child is born with a language-acquisition device that enables him or her to hear speech, analyze it, and derive the rules of the language. Researchers have proposed that the language-acquisition device contains some of the universals of human language such as subject-predicate relationships. What exactly is contained in the device has not been agreed upon. Most psycholinguists today, however, seem to assume that some basic information for dealing with language is innate.

DeVito, Joseph A., The Acquisition of Language, The 1996 Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia, version 8.0 .


Primal Grammar

Noam Chomsky and other maintain that that which is essentially human is our innate linguistic ability, a sort of “primal grammar” that all languages share at a sufficiently deep level.

Hofstadter, D. R. & D. C. Dennett, The Mind’s I, Bantam Books, NY 1988, p. 106.


Generation of speech

In slightly more than two years, therefore [starting at about the age of two] children acquire full knowledge of the grammatical system of their native tongue. This stunning intellectual achievement is routinely performed by every pre-school child (McNeill). As another renegade Behaviourist, Professor James Jenkins, remarked at our Stanford seminar: ‘The fact that we can freely produce sentences we had never heard before is amazing. The fact that we can understand them when produced is nothing short of miraculous. . . . A child never has a look at the machinery that produces English sentences. He could never have a look at that machinery. Nor is he being told about it since most speakers are completely unaware of it.’

The facts must indeed appear miraculous so long as we persist in confusing the string of words which is speech, with the silent machinery which generates speech. The difficulty is that the machinery is invisible, its working mostly unconscious, beyond the reach of inspection and introspection. But at least psycholinguistics has shown that the only conceivable model to represent the generation of a sentence does not work ‘from left to right’, but hierarchically, branching from the top downward.

Koestler, Arthur; The Ghost in the Machine, Picador / Pan Books, 4th printing, GB, 1981, p. 30.


Anadili ilk Türk çocukları öğreniyor

Dünya çapında yapılan bir araştırma sonucunda anadilini en erken öğrenen çocukların Türk çocukları olduğu ortaya çıktı.

 AA /  BERLİN - “International Association for the Study of Child Language” (Uluslararası Çocuk Dili Araştırmaları Derneği) adlı kuruluşun Almanya’nın başkenti Berlin’de yapılan 10. kongresinde, Türk çocukların 2-3 yaşına kadar kendi dillerinde dil bilgisi kurallarına uygun konuştukları belirtildi.

 Dil bilimi profesörü Klann Delius, Türk dilinin kolay öğrenildiğini belirterek, “Türkçe’nin şahıs ve zaman belirleyen ekleri düzenli. Lego taşlarının yan yana dizilmesi gibi” dedi.

Arabça konuşulan ülkelerde çocukların ana dillerini dil bilgisi açısından doğru konuşmalarının yaklaşık 12 yıl sürdüğü, Alman çocuklarının da ancak 4-5 yaşları arasında temel dil bilgisi kurallarına hakim olabildikleri kaydedildi.

Berlin’de düzenlenen kongreye yaklaşık 800 dil bilimcisi katılıyor.

Kaynak: sozluk.sourtimes.org
Güncelleme: 15:38 TSI; 04 Ağustos 2005 Perşembe.